History of the creation
The institute of geophysical research with the basis in Kurchatov was founded in October, 1993 on the basis of two organizations of geophysical profile. The first is the southern branch of the Geon center (Party 35) of the Ministry of Geology the USSR which was involved in complex geophysical studying of a deep structure of the crust in the territory of the former USSR. The second – Geophysical observatory Borovoye of Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR which main function was monitoring of nuclear tests. In 1994 stations of Service for special seismic control of the former USSR, being in the territory of Kazakhstan, went into the structure of the Institute – Kurchatov, Aktyubinsk, Makanchi.
The internal structure and management of scientific research at the Institute comprises, beside head office in Kurchatov, three branches – the Center for acquisition and processing of special seismic information -CAPSSI (Almaty, Chaykinoi, 4), Kaskelen Geophysical Observatory (Almaty, Kaskelen), Borovoye Geophysical Observatory (Akmolinskaya oblast, Shchuchinsk district). There are two geophysical stations "Kurchatov" (Kurchatov, Technical site 2), "Aktyubinsk" (Aktyubinskaya oblast, Khromtau district) and six seismic stations as a part of the Institute: Makanchi (VKO, Urdzharsky district), Karatau (Zhambylskaya oblast), AS057 Borovoye (Akmolinskaya oblast), Akbulak (Western Kazakhstan), Ortau (Karagandinskaya oblast, Podgornoye (Almatinskaya oblast).
Two institutional research sections operate in Kurchatov as well. These are Laboratory for special geophysical control and Laboratory for complex geoecological study. There are also the divisions providing support for scientific operations – Technology group, IT group, Department of drilling operations, etc.
There are 448 employees working at the Institute; among which 145 personnel are university-educated with two Doctors of Science and six Candidates of Science.
Main scientific and technical areas:
• Development of the network of permanent geophysical stations and conduct of monitoring ofor unauthorized nuclear tests under provisions accepted by the Republic of Kazakhstan of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and other international agreements;
• Establishment and development of the national data center - Center for acquisition and collection of special seismic information (CAPSSI)
• Studying of consequences of nuclear explosions in the geological environment in sites of nuclear tests (STS, Azgir and other);
• Development of methods of investigation and selection of sites capable for safe isolation of dangerous radioactive wastes and for deployment of atomic power objects;
• Engineering-geological and geophysical researches at atomic power objects of various tasks ;
• Design and development of instrument and software complexes for geophysical monitoring in sites of nuclear tests and placements of atomic power objects.
The institute has:
• international certificates on the stations included into the International Monitoring System;
• public licenses for conduct of geologic-geophysical works, operations in the territories of the former nuclear test sites and other polluted territories, planning and surveying activities.
The institute maintains active relations both with international and the republican organizations.
With support of many foreign and international organizations (CTBTO, AFTAC, NORSAR, IRIS, LDEO, CEA/DASE) the monitoring infrastructure for nuclear safety around the world has been established and is fully operating around the clock:
Beginning in 2003 National Data Center NNC RK actively cooperates with the European Mediterranean Seismological Center (EMSC), exchanges seismological bulletins, seismic information on events and explosions.
Since 2009 the institute participates in the collaborative Central Asian Project on installation of a CAREMON network stations with support of the German Geophysical Center – GFZ, Potsdam.
Two stations in Kazakhstan Ortau (Karagandinskaya oblast) and Podgornoye (Almatinskaya oblast) have been installed under this project.
Specialists from the institute are active participants of training courses organized abroad (Norway, France, the USA, Japan)
Conferences and publications
Results of scientific research and studies are annually reported to the national and international scientific and practical conferences and workshops.
Institute specialists regularly publish their works in the scientific and technical magazine "Vestnik NNC RK" issued quarterly since January, 2000 (http://www.nnc.kz/ru/publications/vestnik.html,), and also in other editions across the CIS and foreign countries.